Monday, July 1, 2013

Gay Marriage Among Pirates

In celebration of the end of DOMA, and hoping for the freedom to marry, for everyone, everywhere.
Sailors at sea have always been prone to what sociologists call “situational homosexuality.” All-male crews, at sea for weeks or months, cut off from the rest of humanity, turned to each other for sexual release. Pirates, most specifically the pirates active in the Caribbean beginning in the 1600’s, had formalized unions between consenting adult men.

The term used for this was matelotage a French word with the meaning of “seamanship” stemming from the word matelot which meant “seaman” or “sailor.” The French government showed concern for their sailors turning to a homosexual lifestyle, so much so that in 1645 the French governor of Tortuga requested hundreds of prostitutes be shipped to the New World to lure the sailors out of each other’s arms.



Being French, the sailors did not deprive themselves of pleasures already acquired, but shared the favors of the ladies as they shared so many things.
Sailors often moved between ships, even between ships of different nationalities. The English sailors, observing the close relationship between pairs of their French counterparts, adopted the words “matelot” and “matelotage” into English, with the approximate meaning of “buddy” and “buddy-ship.”
Eventually, the word “matelot” was shortened down to “mate.”  Yes, like pirates say. “Hello, mate!”

The English navy was not nearly so reasonable concerning homosexual relationships. In an age when the English Navy ran on “rum, sodomy and the lash,” (as noted in many writings of the time), homosexual relationships were punishable by death.

The result here was that in the English Navy, relationships went underground. Very often, they became forced, often between a superior and a subordinate. When English crews went on the account, becoming pirates, they looked for a way to legitimize relationships of honest affection.
Matelotage, now used as an English word, became a term for a legal marriage between two men. Some of these had begun as master-servant or senior-junior. But under the pirate flag, they could be honored and legitimized.



Why the extreme difference in attitudes between the English Navy and the pirates, many of whom had been navy men at one time? I think the difference lies in the fact that, in the pirate world, the law-makers and the law-abiders were in the same boat, literally and figuratively. In England, the moneyed, law making class was largely immune to the very laws they instituted. As the rich were becoming more rich through expanded trade and the growing cash economy, they enacted draconian laws to control the lower classes.

One of the peculiarities of this system was that, for a crime to be prosecuted, someone had to pay the court costs. This made it easy for a rich person to prosecute a poor one, but almost impossible for a poor person to prosecute someone better off. As long as a rich person did not “bother” a member of his own class, he was immune from the law, while a member of the lower classes who seemed to be having the “wrong kind of fun” might attract the attention of someone with more money who was willing to spend money to take him to court.

In pirate society (and only pirate society) two men could “marry.” They would exchange gold rings, and pledge eternal union. After this, they were expected to share everything.  Plunder and living spaces were obvious, but couples in matelotage were also known to share other property, and even women. If one of the partners was killed in action, pirate captains were careful to make sure that the surviving member received both shares of plunder, as well as any appropriate death benefits.

Simply put, homosexual relationships had been kept under wraps by people in fear for their lives because of draconian laws. Among sailors who had practiced this form of release themselves, it lost its sense of being alien, and so became accepted and legitimized as soon as they (by turning pirate) gained the right to make their own laws.



In today’s society, the recent legitimization of gay marriage in the US became possible because of the people who “came out” when it was still dangerous. Neighbors, friends and relatives saw that gay people were not so very different after all.

74 comments:

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  2. I never thought about this, specially when we are talking about hundreds of years ago. It amazes me the level of repect pirates had for homosexual relationshops. It was easy to think that gay sex existed in such an evironment, but I never imagined there was a kind of marriage.
    This makes me feel, worst than ever, that after all these years, we (the world) are still too old-fashioned as a society.

    Ricardo.

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    Replies
    1. Could pirates read?

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    2. Some pirates could, some couldn't. Being a "functional reader" was less common than being able to write your name. But captains, at least, had to write to keep a log book and navigate.

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    3. So the navigator would have to teach them if they didn't know how to write? And when you say captains needed to record logs, was the words "perfect" eg. English or was the inglsh synpul?

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    4. The dictionary hadn't been invented yet, so spelling was problematic (as many surviving logbooks prove) But being educated was part of being a captain.

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    5. I wasn't aware that pirates had this form of civil union until March when I read "If A Pirate I Must Be", the story of the career of arguably the most successful pirate of all time (certainly he was the most successful of his era) Bartholomew "Black Bart" Roberts. I think it's great that pirates were so tolerant of same-sex relationships in an age when homosexual behavior carried the death penalty in many countries at that time. Here's to men who were men ahead of their time--pirates!











































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  3. Priates + Disney = WTF???

    Pirates + LucasArts = WIN

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The monkey island games are the best :)

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  4. Do you have any sources to share?
    I'd like to do more research.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I'm not the blogger but I am a librarian: start with _Sodomy and the Pirate Tradition: English Sea Rovers in the Seventeenth-Century Caribbean_ by Barry Burg. It is based on trial records and is more ambiguous than this post. There's also an implied pirate marriage in Defoe's novel _Captain Singleton_ http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/6422 if you follow Han Turley's reading of the novel. The clearest marriage is in the early chapters of Herman Melville's _Moby-Dick_ (American, a century later, non-pirates).

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  5. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

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  6. Hey hey, and thanks for a brilliant blog! I am seriously interested in writing a play based on homosexual relations amongst maritime entities in the 17th and 18th centuries...I would love it if you could contact me, because, as a history student, this is an area of study in which very little is written, and you seem fairly knowledgable on this stuff! It would be great if you could contact me at jaimcmanus@hotmail.com, just with a little message to let me know if you're interested in the project e.t.c. and where you have got your information from, just to use as a starting point for the play. Thanks again for a great post and look forward to hearing from you soon!

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  7. his is my first time i visit here. I found so many entertaining stuff in your blog, especially its discussion. From the tons of comments on your articles, I guess I am not the only one having all the leisure here! Keep up the excellent work.
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  8. I checked several dictionaries, including the OED, and could not find "matelotage" used as an English word. Do you have a citation for that?

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    Replies
    1. It was a doctoral thesis, but it no longer seems to be posted.

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  9. French matelot is more likely from English mate (buddy) rather than the other way around, or from the Celtic root as is Irish maite, which traces back to the Indo-European as seen in Sanskrit maitri "benevolence", one of the cardinal virtues and the root of the Buddhist figure Maitreya (the Buddha to come) and the Iranian deity Mithra.

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  10. Thank you for posting about this! I've been planning on writing a comic but it's very hard to find information about homosexuality in history, it's often even denied by historians, never mind hearing about it in my history classes!

    ReplyDelete
  11. One of the most horrific things that could happen to people caught by some sex-starved pirate's would be....

    Being securely tied down by all but the worst offenders happens first.
    Then small slits maybe just an inch or so are made by a sharp knife, on the body's more fleshy parts such as the abdomen, belly,chest, armpits & quite possibly many other places too.
    The the pirate's would insert their penises into the cuts & fuck the cavity in the area of attention.
    And of course the body is a vacuum too, so most injuries in those areas are usually described as 'sucking wounds'. . . .

    So just let that sink-in... ... ...

    If ya pardon the pun ������

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  12. Hello I'm in the process of starting a podcast about queer history and I was wondering where I could find some sources on this. I just want to make sure anything I put out is as truthful as possible :)

    ReplyDelete
  13. We can't learn anything good from criminals...

    ReplyDelete
  14. Your blog is wonderful! I'm just starting to look around here -- wow, you have so much useful, thoughtful information. Thanks and God bless!

    LGBT Community Blog
    Gay Community Blog

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  16. nice job. i'm writing a story about this and this was super useful. thanks.

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  32. I am so happy to have my husband back again after one good years of separation. I never thought we will live a happy life together again, but today, I am so glad for what Dr Adoda did for me as he cast a (reconciliation love spell) for me to bring back my husband to live together with me again. My testimony to everyone who is in the same situation as i was,should contact him on ( http://www.dradodalovetemple.com )

    ReplyDelete
  33. I want to say thanks once again to this great man called Dr Zuma and his spiritual way of helping people i lives in USA with my husband we love each other and also he care about me always look forward to make things easy for both of us 9 years after our wedding, we both work harder to make a family greatest surprise, we have a kid after some times again, we have another one so with this, we live in peace and he was so honest to me shortly, he started misbehaving that i don’t know what is going on then i asked him. Darling what is going on? you are so strange to me this few days hope i have not offended you? he said no. Not knowing he have an affair with one lady out side who promised him a car and apartment in one estate were i cannot see him also when he cannot see me i manage to stay with him pleading him he should forgive me if i have wrong him he started complaining he has no money that he has lost all his money in his business that he needs some money then i asked him how much is this money you are looking for? he did not know i can afford it. Then, he said $14,000USD i promised him i we give it to him just for him to care about his family. My greatest surprise, the next day, i went to work and our two kids were in school not knowing his going to leave the house before i come’s back i met some of his things outside i was waiting for him to come back he never come back i cried i miss him so much and he have taking all my money away i was only left with $800USD. One day, as i was ready a blog i saw a testifier made by someone in Australia called Jessica telling people about how this man call Dr Zuma helped her and the man’s contact email was there and his mobile number then i contacted him for a help and really, he brought back my husband now am so happy my brothers and sister if you are in such relationship problem kindly via Email spiritualherbalisthealing@gmail.com or Whatsapp +15068001647 he will help you solve all your problems.

    ReplyDelete
  34. Please visit
    (http://dradodalovetemple.com)
    (https://youtu.be/B279mkEo_C4)
    i am here to give testimony on how this powerful spell caster called Dr Adoda helped me to fix my relationship. i was heartbroken when my fiancee told me he is no longer interested in marrying me because he was having an affair with the other woman where he work. I cried and sobbed every day, until it got so bad that I reached out to the Internet for help, that was when i read a review about the great work of Dr Adoda, then i contacted him for help to get my lover back, he helped me cast a powerful (reconciliation love spell) and to my greatest surprise after 48 hours of doing the love spell my Fiancee came back on his knees begging me to forgive him We are now happily married and all thanks goes to Dr Adoda Wonders for helping me save my relationship you can contact Dr Adoda through his email address: adodalovespelltemple440@gmail.com or WHATSAPP him on+2348112825421

    ReplyDelete
  35. Hello my name is Shirley, I just want to share with you what Dr. Adebayo the great spell caster saved me.I was so in love with this guy,we were both in love with each other.It hurts me so much when I find out he was having a relationship with someone else, but I was not going to surrender to defect.I tried all the seductive method i could think about and even lost the only thing i had with him that is friendship.I needed him badly that I could go to any length to have him all to myself.My friends suggested that i use a love spell on him which i did.I tried all the spell caster i could find in Africa, all they did resulted to nothing.It was so frustrating that i switched to the internet and i saw tagged ” how I got my cheating husband back ” so i contacted Dr. Adebayo with the email Claire left in her post.He did his thing and believe it worked in a short time.I had Nathan all to myself he like me became slave so to speak, we got married JUNE 18th 2020.If you want to smile again like mine just contact; poweroflovespell@gmail.com Call/WhatsApp: +2347055287754 I never knew people still have powers and make things happen this way.

    ReplyDelete
  36. udospell love spell worked like miracle with the way and manner my husband change and started showing love instead of the divorce he was planning. I am just so happy that everything is in place for me now again. I would gladly recommend the manuka temple to any one going through marriage problems and want to put an end to it. email priest manuka.{udospellcaster121@gmail.com ] or whatsapp him {+2347042731673} was were I got the help to restore my marriage

    ReplyDelete
  37. udospell love spell worked like miracle with the way and manner my husband change and started showing love instead of the divorce he was planning. I am just so happy that everything is in place for me now again. I would gladly recommend the manuka temple to any one going through marriage problems and want to put an end to it. email priest manuka.{udospellcaster121@gmail.com ] or whatsapp him {+2347042731673} was were I got the help to restore my marriage

    ReplyDelete
  38. Please visit
    (http://dradodalovetemple.com)
    (https://youtu.be/B279mkEo_C4)
    i am here to give testimony on how this powerful spell caster called Dr Adoda helped me to fix my relationship. i was heartbroken when my fiancee told me he is no longer interested in marrying me because he was having an affair with the other woman where he work. I cried and sobbed every day, until it got so bad that I reached out to the Internet for help, that was when i read a review about the great work of Dr Adoda, then i contacted him for help to get my lover back, he helped me cast a powerful (reconciliation love spell) and to my greatest surprise after 48 hours of doing the love spell my Fiancee came back on his knees begging me to forgive him We are now happily married and all thanks goes to Dr Adoda Wonders for helping me save my relationship you can contact Dr Adoda through his email address: adodalovespelltemple440@gmail.com or WHATSAPP him on+2348112825421

    ReplyDelete
  39. Hi, I've been searching for help on how to get my ex lover back that broke up with me 2 years ago.. I was traumatized by the break up and nearly wanted to commit suicide but I thank God that I got the contact of LORD ZAKUZA the spiritual father that helped me to get back my ex lover after much searching of help from different places. When I got in touch with LORD ZAKUZA, I explained everything to him to he gave me his words of encouragement and told me that he was going to prepare a spell for me that will help me get back my ex lover within 48 hours and I believed in his words for I was referred to him by a friend who he helped and right now, my ex lover is back and we are living happily together to get married next month. If you need any assistance whatsoever like getting cured from sickness, getting pregnant E.T.C. Then, I suggest that you get in touch with LORD ZAKUZA now through his WhatsApp him on + 1 (740) 573–9483 or Email: lordzakuza7@gmail.com I'm forever grateful to you.

    ReplyDelete
  40. Have you heard of Lord Bubuza? This man is a genius, he can do anything with his miraculous spell. My boyfriend was abusive and was a cheat, I love him so much and didn't want to loose him to another so I started searching for help online when I came across testimonies of people thanking and praising Lord Bubuza for his help so I contact him immediately, I told him my situation and he promised to help me. I did just as he instructed me and everything about my boyfriend cheating habit and abusive behavior changed for better, he is so lovely and caring now. I'm so proud of Lord Bubuza. Do you have problem with your relationship? Contact him for help via WhatsApp: +1 505 569 0396 of via e-mail: lordbubuzamiraclework@hotmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  41. Contacting lord Bubuza is the greatest thing that has ever happened to my marriage, my marriage wasn't working, people advised me to divorce my husband because he was a chronic cheat and a drunk, it was a very terrible situation living together with a drunk and a cheating husband, all I wanted was a change so I contacted lord Bubuza for help via WhatsApp: +1 505 569 0396. He promised to reunite my husband and I with his spell, he told me what to do which I did immediately and today I am celebrating because my husband has totally stop drinking and cheating. Contact him for help via WhatsApp: +1 505 569 0396 of via e-mail: lordbubuzamiraclework@hotmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  42. I have chosen to thank lord Bubuza openly because he is like a God on Earth. He solved my relationship problems with his spell easily, before now my relationship wasn't working, my boyfriend was a cheat and I tried everything possible to make things work between us, all of my efforts was in vain, I was at the verge of ending the relationship when I met with lord Bubuza whom through his spell did wonders to my boyfriend and he stopped cheating, Lord Bubuza spell worked within 12 to 16 hours after I did as he instructed and today we are role models to most people in our neighborhood because of how lovely and caring my boyfriend is now, Do you need any kind of help? Contact lord Bubuza today via WhatsApp: +1 505 569 0396 of via e-mail: lordbubuzamiraclework@hotmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  43. I can't stop saying thank you to LORD ZAKUZA for helping me to win my ex lover back after lots of fights and quarrels but now there's so much love, care and happiness in my relationship and I wanna say LORD ZAKUZA is best known for what he does with his spells. WhatsApp him now to get yours back through + 1 740 573 9483.

    Email: lordzakuza7@gmail.com
    Website: lordzakuzaspells.com

    ReplyDelete
  44. BEST URGENT EFFECTIVE LOVE SPELL TO GET YOUR EX/HUSBAND/WIFE BACK FAST AND TO SAVE YOUR MARRIAGE NOW CONTACT LORD ZULU ON WHATSAPP DIRECTLY +1 (424) 361 7554

    +1 (424) 361 7554 Hi everyone I’m here to testify of a great and powerful spell caster called Lord Zulu I was so confused and devastated when my husband left me without word, I needed him back desperately because I loved him so much. So a friend of mine introduced me to this powerful spell caster who had helped her in getting her lover back, so I contacted him and he promised that in less than 72 hours he will come back to me. After I did all he asked, to my greatest surprise my husband who had refused to speak with me came to my house and asked for forgiveness for all he had made me go through and now we are living happily together, if you have any relationship problem I will advise you contact him for your testimonies. Below are his contact details. Contact him on.

    EMAIL:Allsupremepowersolutionhome@gmail.com

    WhatsApp OR Call:+1 (424) 361 7554

    Link:mywa.link/lordzulu

    ReplyDelete
  45. BEST URGENT EFFECTIVE LOVE SPELL TO GET YOUR EX/HUSBAND/WIFE BACK FAST AND TO SAVE YOUR MARRIAGE NOW CONTACT LORD ZULU ON WHATSAPP DIRECTLY +1 (424) 361 7554

    +1 (424) 361 7554 Hi everyone I’m here to testify of a great and powerful spell caster called Lord Zulu I was so confused and devastated when my husband left me without word, I needed him back desperately because I loved him so much. So a friend of mine introduced me to this powerful spell caster who had helped her in getting her lover back, so I contacted him and he promised that in less than 72 hours he will come back to me. After I did all he asked, to my greatest surprise my husband who had refused to speak with me came to my house and asked for forgiveness for all he had made me go through and now we are living happily together, if you have any relationship problem I will advise you contact him for your testimonies. Below are his contact details. Contact him on.

    EMAIL:Allsupremepowersolutionhome@gmail.com

    WhatsApp OR Call:+1 (424) 361 7554

    Link:mywa.link/lordzulu

    ReplyDelete
  46. I don't really know how to thank Lord Zakuza enough for what he has done me. My husband ignored me and went back to his mistress for the past 3 months. If not for the intervention of Lord Zakuza, i wouldn't have gotten back my husband. He's powerful spell brought back my husband within 48 hours. Is there anyone out there who needs to get back to he's or her lover back? Then, I suggest that you get in touch with Lord Zakuza now through WhatsApp on + 1 (740) 573–9483 and for more information, here's his website: lordzakuzaspells.com God bless you sir.

    ReplyDelete
  47. My wife was flirting with another man. until she vanished away, I was desperate to get her back, I wasted so much time and money trying to get my wife back, I tried almost all possibilities to have her back and nothing worked. I became lonely. To make it short, I found a spell caster, Dr Ilekhojie. I saw the good testimonies about his wonderful work and after reading the Testimonials, I decided I had to try and give it one last try and After the spells, a miracle happened, my wife came home. It was awesome, anyone who needs help, should email him: gethelp05@gmail.com WhatsApp/Call him on +2348147400259

    ReplyDelete
  48. I can’t believe that with just a contact to Dr. Todd, I got my ex husband back. I had read some stuff about Manifest Temple before i contacted him but i didn’t know that all those stuff were so accurate until i got my husband back, After getting my ex husband back i taught it wise to share my testimony with everyone on this website that how Dr. Todd was able to get my husband back with his powerful reunion love spell. That rebuild my broken marriage. All my hope has been fully restored and am happy to share my experience to everyone. Do feel free to Contact Dr. Todd via email if having any challenge with marriage or relationship at: (manifestspellcast@gmail.com https://manifestspellcast.wordpress.com) I so much believe he can also help out with his power.

    ReplyDelete
  49. Please visit
    (http://dradodalovetemple.com)
    (https://youtu.be/B279mkEo_C4)
    i am here to give testimony on how this powerful spell caster called Dr Adoda helped me to fix my relationship. i was heartbroken when my fiancee told me he is no longer interested in marrying me because he was having an affair with the other woman where he work. I cried and sobbed every day, until it got so bad that I reached out to the Internet for help, that was when i read a review about the great work of Dr Adoda, then i contacted him for help to get my lover back, he helped me cast a powerful (reconciliation love spell) and to my greatest surprise after 48 hours of doing the love spell my Fiancee came back on his knees begging me to forgive him We are now happily married and all thanks goes to Dr Adoda Wonders for helping me save my relationship you can contact Dr Adoda through his email address: adodalovespelltemple440@gmail.com or WHATSAPP him on+2348112825421

    ReplyDelete
  50. After seeing a post on the internet by Jenna from USA saying how she was helped by Dr. Ilekhojie, I also decided to contact him for help because i had no choice all i wanted was for me to get my lover back and happiness. To my greatest surprise my lover came home on his knees that i should find a place in my heart to forgive him, I was truly astonished and shocked when my lover knelt down begging for forgiveness and for me to accept him back. I am really short of expressions, and I don't know how much to convey my appreciation to you Dr. Ilekhojie. You are a God sent to restore a broken relationship, And now i am a joyful woman. his contact details are Whatsapp number +2348147400259 or Email; gethelp05@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  51. How To Get Your Ex Lover/Partner/Boyfriend/Girlfriend/Wife Or Husband Back

    I was married for 16 years to a loving mother and wife. We had 2 children together who are now 11 & 13. I reconnected with an old girlfriend from college on Facebook and we began an affair and I left my wife. The woman I had an affair with is a wonderful woman and I love her too and our kids had begun accepting the situation and my wife has kind of moved on, but not in love with the man she is seeing.  I thought I fell out of love with my wife and I felt terrible about what I did to her - she is a good woman and I don't know what came over me. I decided to try and get her back and I was recommended to Lord Zakuza for help to get reunited with my wife and within 48 hours after I made contact with Lord Zakuza my wife decided to work things out with me and now we are back together with our children living as one happy family. I really don't know the words to use in appreciation of what Lord Zakuza did for me but I will say thank you sir for reuniting I and my family back. For those in trying times with their marriages or relationship can communicate with LORD ZAKUZA through the below information's.

    Website via: lordzakuzaspells.com 
    WhatsApp/call/text: +1 740 573 9483
    Email: Lordzakuza7 @gmail. com

    ReplyDelete
  52. Please visit
    (http://dradodalovetemple.com)
    (https://youtu.be/B279mkEo_C4)
    i am here to give testimony on how this powerful spell caster called Dr Adoda helped me to fix my relationship. i was heartbroken when my fiancee told me he is no longer interested in marrying me because he was having an affair with the other woman where he work. I cried and sobbed every day, until it got so bad that I reached out to the Internet for help, that was when i read a review about the great work of Dr Adoda, then i contacted him for help to get my lover back, he helped me cast a powerful (reconciliation love spell) and to my greatest surprise after 48 hours of doing the love spell my Fiancee came back on his knees begging me to forgive him We are now happily married and all thanks goes to Dr Adoda Wonders for helping me save my relationship you can contact Dr Adoda through his email address: adodalovespelltemple440@gmail.com or WHATSAPP him on+2348112825421

    ReplyDelete
  53. My husband and I have been married for over 10 years. We met when I was 18 and he was 21. We’ve been through a lot emotionally together. There were several HUGE fights and painful situations in our marriage, but we always seemed to come out stronger on the other side. Out of the blue my husband just sprung the divorce talk on me, I was totally depressed until I found the Dr.Todd website online and I ordered a Love spell. You won’t believe my husband called me at the exact time this spell caster finished his spell work in 24hours. I was totally amazed! He is wonderful and his spells work so fast. His contact: manifestspellcast@gmail.com
    https://youtube.com/channel/UCNezAFQL1OAZbESTOsTfp_g
    https://www.facebook.com/Manifest-Spell-Cast-102179992108255

    ReplyDelete
  54. BEST URGENT EFFECTIVE LOVE SPELL TO GET YOUR EX/HUSBAND/WIFE BACK FAST AND TO SAVE YOUR MARRIAGE NOW CONTACT LORD ZULU ON WHATSAPP DIRECTLY +1 (424) 361 7554

    +1 (424) 361 7554 Hi everyone I’m here to testify of a great and powerful spell caster called Lord Zulu I was so confused and devastated when my husband left me without word, I needed him back desperately because I loved him so much. So a friend of mine introduced me to this powerful spell caster who had helped her in getting her lover back, so I contacted him and he promised that in less than 72 hours he will come back to me. After I did all he asked, to my greatest surprise my husband who had refused to speak with me came to my house and asked for forgiveness for all he had made me go through and now we are living happily together, if you have any relationship problem I will advise you contact him for your testimonies. Below are his contact details. Contact him on.

    EMAIL:Allsupremepowersolutionhome@gmail.com

    WhatsApp OR Call:+1 (424) 361 7554

    Link:mywa.link/lordzulu

    ReplyDelete

  55. After seeing a post on the internet saying how she was helped by Dr. Ilekhojie, I also decided to contact him for help because i had no choice all i wanted was for me to get my lover back and happiness. To my greatest surprise my lover came home on his knees that i should find a place in my heart to forgive him, I was truly astonished and shocked when my lover knelt down begging for forgiveness and for me to accept him back. I am really short of expressions, and I don't know how much to convey my appreciation to you Dr. Ilekhojie. You are a God sent to restore a broken relationship, And now i am a joyful woman. his contact details are Whatsapp number +2348147400259) or Email; (gethelp05@gmail.com)

    ReplyDelete
  56. BEST URGENT EFFECTIVE LOVE SPELL TO GET YOUR HUSBAND/WIFE/EX BACK FAST AND TO SAVE YOUR MARRIAGE NOW CONTACT LORD ZULU ON WHATSAPP DIRECTLY +1 (424) 361‑7554

    My wife left I and my kids 8 months ago, because she felt I was cheating on her with a female friend of mine, I tried all I could to explain to her but he paid deaf ears, I was emotionally devastated because i really loved her until I saw a post on the internet about LORD ZULU, who helps people gain back their lost lover, at first I doubted if it was real because I never believed in such things but I decided to give him a try, I contacted him and he told me what to do and I did it then he did a Love spell for me The process of the spell to reunite lovers is very simple and it works perfectly, and he works selflessly for people the same way he restored my relationship within 48 hours and my wife was calling and begging to make up with me again, if you need help to reaffirm your relationship or marriage problem. Here’s his contact,
    EMAIL (allsupremepowersolutionhome@gmail.com)
    or call him on WhatsApp +1 (424) 361‑7554.

    ReplyDelete
  57. BEST URGENT EFFECTIVE LOVE SPELL TO GET YOUR HUSBAND/WIFE/EX BACK FAST AND TO SAVE YOUR MARRIAGE NOW CONTACT LORD ZULU ON WHATSAPP DIRECTLY +1 (424) 361‑7554

    My wife left I and my kids 8 months ago, because she felt I was cheating on her with a female friend of mine, I tried all I could to explain to her but he paid deaf ears, I was emotionally devastated because i really loved her until I saw a post on the internet about LORD ZULU, who helps people gain back their lost lover, at first I doubted if it was real because I never believed in such things but I decided to give him a try, I contacted him and he told me what to do and I did it then he did a Love spell for me The process of the spell to reunite lovers is very simple and it works perfectly, and he works selflessly for people the same way he restored my relationship within 48 hours and my wife was calling and begging to make up with me again, if you need help to reaffirm your relationship or marriage problem. Here’s his contact,
    EMAIL (allsupremepowersolutionhome@gmail.com)
    or call him on WhatsApp +1 (424) 361‑7554.

    ReplyDelete
  58. BEST URGENT EFFECTIVE LOVE SPELL TO GET YOUR HUSBAND/WIFE/EX BACK FAST AND TO SAVE YOUR MARRIAGE NOW CONTACT LORD ZULU ON WHATSAPP DIRECTLY +1 (424) 361 7554

    My wife left I and my kids 8 months ago, because she felt I was cheating on her with a female friend of mine, I tried all I could to explain to her but he paid deaf ears, I was emotionally devastated because I really loved her until i saw a post on the internet about LORD ZULU, who helps people gain back their lost lover, at first I doubted if it was real because I never believed in such things but I decided to give him a try, I contacted him and he told me what to do and I did it then he did a Love spell for me The process of the spell to reunite lovers is very simple and it works perfectly, and he works selflessly for people the same way he restored my relationship within 48 hours and my wife was calling and begging to make up with me again, if you need help to reaffirm your relationship or marriage problem. Here’s his contact,
    EMAIL (allsupremepowersolutionhome@gmail.com)
    or call him on WhatsApp +1 (424) 361 7554

    ReplyDelete
  59. My name is Bernada Gaspar. Out of respect for you and your spells I must make this testimony know to all. I've been to other spell casters without seeing any result, all they want was after my money. I just wished I came to you earlier, i got the best from you. My ex husband was gone for a year and I went everywhere and other spell casters for help but no result until my friend introduce me to Dr Isikolo. After the Love Spell was done, I finally got a calls from him in less than 48 hours. His spells worked wonders and my husband is back with full of love. It was like a miracle! He suddenly came back with flowers saying that i should for give him, i was truly flabbergasted and shocked when my husband kneel down begging for forgiveness and for me to accept him back. I'm really short of words and joyful, you are a God sent to me and my entire family.. And now i am a joyful woman once again. Thank you so much Dr Isikolo. To everyone who is looking for a real spell caster contact Dr.Isikolo at isikolosolutionhome@gmail.com You can also WhatsApp him on +1(725)240-4536

    ReplyDelete